what is gender pay gap

Occupational segregation Women are often concentrated in lower-paying industries and occupations compared to men.

Gender discrimination Women may face unequal treatment in hiring, promotions, and salary negotiations, leading to lower wages compared to equally qualified male counterparts.

Motherhood penalty Women who take time off work or reduce their hours to care for children may experience setbacks in their careers, impacting their earning potential.

Lack of representation in leadership positions Women are underrepresented in higher-paying leadership roles and executive positions, which contributes to the overall gender pay gap.